IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII
February 16, 2012
CHESTER S. VIRCHINSKY,
MUTUAL OF OMAHA INSURANCE CO.,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Barry M. Kurren United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION TO DENY PLAINTIFF'S MOTION TO
REMAND CASE BACK TO FIRST
CIRCUIT COURT STATE OF HAWAII
Before the Court is Plaintiff Chester S. Virchinsky's Motion to Remand Case Back to First Circuit Court State of Hawaii (Doc. 6). The Court heard this Motion on February 13, 2012. After careful consideration of the Motion, the supporting and opposing memoranda, and the arguments presented at the hearing, the Court finds and recommends that Plaintiff's Motion be DENIED.
On December 20, 2011, Plaintiff filed this action against Defendant Mutual of Omaha Insurance Company. On January 13, 2012, Defendant removed this case to federal court on the basis of diversity jurisdiction. Plaintiff now seeks to remand this case back to state court.
In his Motion to Remand, Plaintiff argues that this Court lacks diversity jurisdiction over this case because (1) the parties are not diverse and (2) the amount in controversy does not exceed $75,000. Plaintiff also seeks attorney's fees incurred in preparing his Motion.
First, Plaintiff argues that the parties are not diverse because Plaintiff and Defendant are both citizens of the Hawaii. For diversity of citizenship purposes, "a corporation is a citizen of (1) the state under whose laws it is organized or incorporated; and (2) the state of its 'principal place of business.'" Davis v. HSBC Bank Nevada, N.A., 557 F.3d 1026, 1028 (9th Cir. 2009). "[A] corporation's principal place of business is the state containing 'a substantial predominance of corporate operations.'" Id.
According to Michael Huss, Defendant's Senior Vice President, Defendant was incorporated under the laws of Nebraska and its principal place of business is Mutual of Omaha Plaza, Omaha, Nebraska. (Declaration of Michael Huss ¶ 3.) That is where Defendant's "officers direct, control and coordinate Mutual's activities." (Id.) That is also Defendant's "headquarters" and "nerve-center of operations." (Id.) Although Defendant has a district sales office in Hawaii, the Hawaii office "is neither the headquarters nor principal place of business of [Defendant], but is merely a branch sales office." (Id.) Based on Michael Huss's declaration, Defendant is a citizen of Nebraska. Because Plaintiff is a citizen of Hawaii, the Court finds that the parties are completely diverse. Morris v. Princess Cruises, Inc., 236 F.3d 1061, 1067 (9th Cir. 2001) (for complete diversity, "each of the plaintiffs must be a citizen of a different state than each of the defendants").
Second, Plaintiff contends that the amount in controversy does not exceed $75,000. "[T]he amount in controversy is determined from the face of the pleadings." Crum v. Circus Circus Enters., 231 F.3d 1129, 1131 (9th Cir. 2000). Here, Plaintiff's Complaint prays for "$60,000.00 for breach of contract" and "$1,000,000 general damages." Based on the face of the Complaint, the amount in controversy clearly exceeds $75,000. Therefore, the jurisdictional amount is met, and this Court finds that it has diversity jurisdiction over this case. See id. ("District courts have [diversity] jurisdiction in civil actions where there is complete diversity of citizenship among the parties and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs.")
Lastly, Plaintiff seeks attorney's fees incurred in preparing his Motion. Because Plaintiff is representing himself and proceeding pro se, the Court finds that he is not entitled to recover attorney's fees. Kay v. Ehrler, 499 U.S. 432, 435 (1991) ("a pro se litigant who is not a lawyer is not entitled to attorney's fees").
Accordingly, in light of this Court's findings that it has diversity jurisdiction over this case and that Plaintiff is not entitled to attorney's fees, the Court recommends that Plaintiff's Motion to Remand be DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Barry M. Kurren
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