IN THE INTERMEDIATE COURT OF APPEALS OF THE STATE OF HAWAII
April 12, 2012
CHARLES F. HOSLEY, PLAINTIFF/COUNTERCLAIM-DEFENDANT/APPELLEE/CROSS-APPELLANT,
TERRY MURAKI AND GARY TAKETA, DEFENDANTS/CROSS-CLAIM DEFENDANTS/APPELLANTS/CROSS-APPELLEES, AND JAMES S. TAKETA, DEFENDANT/CROSS-CLAIM DEFENDANT/APPELLEE/CROSS-APPELLEE, AND HELEN M.K. CALIP AND AMY KA, DEFENDANT/CROSS-CLAIM DEFENDANTS/APPELLEES/CROSS-APPELLEES, AND MARGARET A. SCHATTAUER, TRUSTEE UNDER THAT CERTAIN UNRECORDED REVOCABLE TRUST OF MARGARET A. SCHATTAUER, DATED JUNE 27, 1989, A MEMORANDUM OF WHICH WAS RECORDED IN THE BUREAU OF CONVEYANCES OF THE STATE OF HAWAII AS DOCUMENT NO. 90-014359, DEFENDANT/COUNTERCLAIM-PLAINTIFF/CROSS-CLAIM PLAINTIFF/APPELLEE/CROSS-APPELLANT, AND KAPIOLANI ESTATES LIMITED, A DISSOLVED HAWAII CORPORATION, ET AL.,
APPEAL FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD CIRCUIT (CIVIL NO. 08-01-323K)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION IN WEST'S HAWAII REPORTS AND PACIFIC REPORTER
ORDER DISMISSING APPEAL FOR LACK OF JURISDICTION
(By: Foley, Presiding Judge, Fujise and Leonard, JJ.)
Upon review of the record, it appears that we lack jurisdiction over Defendants/Cross-Claim Defendants/Appellants/ Cross-Appellees Terry Muraki and Gary Taketa's appeal, Plaintiff/ Counterclaim-Defendant/Appellee/Cross-Appellant Charles F. Hosley's cross-appeal, and Defendant/Counterclaim-Plaintiff/ Cross-Claim Plaintiff/Appellee/Cross-Appellant Margaret A. Schattauer's cross-appeal from the Honorable Ronald Ibarra's July 13, 2011 judgment, because the July 13, 2011 judgment does not satisfy the requirements for an appealable final judgment under Rule 58 of the Hawaii Rules of Civil Procedure (HRCP) and the holding in Jenkins v. Cades Schutte Fleming & Wright, 76 Hawaii 115, 119, 869 P.2d 1334, 1338 (1994).
Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS) § 641-1(a) (1993 & Supp. 2011) authorizes appeals from final judgments, orders, or decrees. Appeals under HRS § 641-1 "shall be taken in the manner . . . provided by the rules of court." HRS § 641-1(c). "Every judgment shall be set forth on a separate document." HRCP Rule 58. The Supreme Court of Hawaii has held that "[a]n appeal may be taken . . . only after the orders have been reduced to a judgment and the judgment has been entered in favor of and against the appropriate parties pursuant to HRCP [Rule] 58[.]" Jenkins, 76 Hawaii at 119, 869 P.2d at 1338.
[I]f a judgment purports to be the final judgment in a case involving multiple claims or multiple parties, the judgment (a) must specifically identify the party or parties for and against whom the judgment is entered, and (b) must (i) identify the claims for which it is entered, and (ii) dismiss any claims not specifically identified[.]
Id. (emphases added). When interpreting the requirements for a judgment under HRCP Rule 58, the Supreme Court of Hawaii noted that
[i]f we do not require a judgment that resolves on its face all of the issues in the case, the burden of searching the often voluminous circuit court record to verify assertions of jurisdiction is cast upon this court. Neither the parties nor counsel have a right to cast upon this court the burden of searching a voluminous record for evidence of finality[.]
Jenkins, 76 Hawaii at 119, 869 P.2d at 1338 (original emphasis). "[A]n appeal from any judgment will be dismissed as premature if the judgment does not, on its face, either resolve all claims against all parties or contain the finding necessary for certification under HRCP [Rule] 54(b)." Id. Although multiple parties have asserted multiple claims against numerous defendants through a complaint, an amended counterclaim, and amended cross-claims, the July 13, 2011 judgment enters judgment only as to a small subset of the named parties in this case. The July 13, 2011 neither enters judgment on nor dismisses the claims as to numerous defendants that the July 13, 2011 does not specifically identify. Although the July 13, 2011 judgment concludes with a statement that declares "[t]here being no remaining unresolved claims or issues in this matter," the Supreme Court of Hawaii has explained that
[a] statement that declares "there are no other outstanding claims" is not a judgment. If the circuit court intends that claims other than those listed in the judgment language should be dismissed, it must say so: for example, "Defendant Y's counterclaim is dismissed," or "Judgment upon Defendant Y's counterclaim is entered in favor of Plaintiff/Counter-Defendant Z," or "all other claims, counterclaims, and cross-claims are dismissed."
Jenkins, 76 Hawaii at 120 n.4, 869 P.2d at 1339 n.4 (emphases added). The July 13, 2011 judgment neither resolves all claims against all parties nor contains an express finding of no just reason for delay in the entry of judgment on one or more but less than all claims pursuant to HRCP Rule 54(b). Therefore, the July 13, 2011 judgment does not satisfy the requirements for an appealable judgment in a multiple party case under HRCP Rule 58 and the holding in Jenkins. Absent the entry of an appealable final judgment, the appeal is premature, and we lack appellate jurisdiction over the Appeal No. CAAP-11-0000750.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that all appeals and cross-appeals in Appeal No. CAAP-11-0000750 are dismissed for lack of appellate jurisdiction.
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