The opinion of the court was delivered by: Susan Oki Mollway Chief United States District Judge
ORDER DENYING IFP APPLICATION AND DISMISSING ACTION
Before the court is pro se Plaintiff Michael C. Tierney's prisoner civil rights complaint and in forma pauperis ("IFP") application. Plaintiff alleges that Defendants Adult Correctional Officer ("ACO") S. Alo, inmate Carl Dennison, and inmate Brandon Lafaga violated his constitutional rights on or about May 15, 2009, at the Oahu Community Correctional Facility ("OCCC"), when Dennison and Lafaga allegedly assaulted Plaintiff at Alo's direction. Plaintiff, who has recently been transferred back to OCCC, alleges that he fears for his life that unnamed OCCC staff "will use inmates or staff to attack me again." ECF #1, Compl. at 5.
For the following reasons, Plaintiff's IFP application is DENIED and this action is DISMISSED without prejudice to Plaintiff's filing a new action accompanied by the statutory filing fee.
Plaintiff filed this action on February 13, 2012. ECF #1. On February 24, 2012, the court ordered Plaintiff to show cause why he should be allowed to proceed IFP in this action in light of his numerous prior dismissals and apparent 3-strike bar under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). ECF #5 (Order to Show Cause ("OSC")). The court also denied Plaintiff's IFP application as incomplete, and instructed Plaintiff to provide a complete IFP form when he responded to the OSC.
On March 9, 2012, Plaintiff responded to the OSC, but failed to adequately address the court's concern that his complaint failed to show that he was in imminent danger of serious physical injury when he filed the complaint. See ECF #6 ("March 9 Response"). The court again ordered Plaintiff to respond to the OSC, and to submit a fully completed IFP application. ECF #7.
On March 19, 2012, Plaintiff filed a notice of appeal of the OSC and denial of IFP, a second Response to the OSC ("March 19 Response"), and a complete IFP application. See ECF #8, 9, #10. The court stayed the proceedings pending resolution of Plaintiff's appeal. ECF #12. On April 12, 2012, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals dismissed Plaintiff's appeal for lack of jurisdiction. ECF #15.
A prisoner may not bring a civil action or appeal a civil judgment under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 "if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g); Tierney v. Kupers, 128 F.3d 1310, 1311 (9th Cir. 1997).
For dismissals that may be counted under § 1915(g), the phrase "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted" parallels the language of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) and apparently means the same thing. Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1121 (9th Cir. 2005). "Not all unsuccessful cases qualify as a strike under § 1915(g). Rather, § 1915(g) should be used to deny a prisoner's IFP status only when, after careful evaluation of the order dismissing an action, and other relevant information, the district court determines that the action was dismissed because it was frivolous, malicious or failed to state a claim." Id.
"In some instances, the district court docket records may be sufficient to show that a prior dismissal satisfies at least one of the criteria under § 1915(g) and therefore counts as a strike." Id. at 1120. Andrews therefore allows the court to raise sua sponte the § 1915(g) problem, and the prisoner bears the ultimate burden of persuading the court that § 1915(g) does not bar pauper status for him. Id.
B. Plaintiff's Prior Dismissals
A review of the federal courts' public dockets and electronic records, http://pacer.psc.uscourts.gov, ("PACER"), reveals that Plaintiff has filed numerous civil actions in this and other federal courts that have been dismissed as frivolous or failing to state a claim. See e.g., Tierney v. Kupers, 128 F.3d 1310, 1312 (9th Cir. 1997) (finding that Plaintiff had three strikes under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)); Tierney v. Clinton, 1996 WL 310171 (D.C. Cir. May 28, 1996), aff'g Tierney v. Clinton, Civ. No. 1:95-01268 UNA (dismissing action as frivolous); Tierney v. United States, Civ. No. 11-00082 HG Doc. No. 6 (D. Haw. 2011) (dismissing as frivolous and finding Plaintiff had accrued three strikes); Tierney v. United States, Civ. No. 10-00675 HG Doc. No. 9 (D. Haw. 2010) (dismissing as frivolous and finding Plaintiff had accrued three strikes); Tierney v. United States, Civ. No. 10-00166 HG Doc. No. 6 (D. Haw. 2010) (dismissing as frivolous and finding the dismissal counted as a strike); Tierney v. United ...