IN THE INTERMEDIATE COURT OF APPEALS OF THE STATE OF HAWAII
May 24, 2012
JIMI MCKENNEY, PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT,
STATE OF HAWAII, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY,
JOHN DOES 1-10; JANE DOES 1-10; DOE CORPORATIONS AND OTHER ENTITIES 1-10,
DEFENDANTS. STATE OF HAWAII,
PAUL FRENCH, THIRD-PARTY DEFENDANT/APPELLEE
APPEAL FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE FIRST CIRCUIT (CIVIL NO. 05-1-2304)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION IN WEST'S HAWAII REPORTS AND PACIFIC REPORTER
ORDER DISMISSING APPEAL
(By: Foley, Presiding Judge, Fujise and Leonard, JJ.)
Upon review of the record, it appears that we do not have jurisdiction over this appeal that Plaintiff-Appellant Jimi McKenney (McKenney) has asserted from the Honorable Gary W.B. Chang's February 4, 2010 "Order Denying Plaintiff Jimi McKenney's Motion to Set Aside Order of Dismissal Filed September 18, 2009" (the February 4, 2010 order) because the February 4, 2010 order is not an appealable final order pursuant to Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS) § 641-1(a) (1993 & Supp. 2009). HRS § 641-1(a) authorizes appeals to the intermediate court of appeals from "final judgments, orders, or decrees[.]" (Emphasis added.) Appeals under HRS § 641-1 "shall be taken in the manner . . . provided by the rules of the court." HRS § 641- 1(c). Rule 58 of the Hawaii Rules of Civil Procedure (HRCP) requires that "[e]very judgment shall be set forth on a separate document." (Emphasis added.) Based on this requirement, the
Supreme Court of Hawaii has held that "[a]n appeal may be taken . . . only after the orders have been reduced to a judgment and the judgment has been entered in favor of and against the appropriate parties pursuant to HRCP [Rule] 58[.]" Jenkins v. Cades Schutte Fleming & Wright, 76 Hawaii 115, 119, 869 P.2d 1334, 1338 (1994). A judgment must "either resolve all claims against all parties or contain the finding necessary for certification under HRCP [Rule] 54(b)." Id. "An appeal from an order that is not reduced to a judgment in favor or against the party by the time the record is filed in the supreme court will be dismissed." Id. at 120, 869 P.2d at 1339 (footnote omitted). Consequently, "an order disposing of a circuit court case is appealable when the order is reduced to a separate judgment." Alford v. City & County of Honolulu, 109 Hawaii 14, 20, 122 P.3d 809, 815 (2005) (emphasis added). For example, the Supreme Court of Hawaii has held that, "[a]lthough RCCH [Rule] 12(q) [(regarding dismissal for want of prosecution)] does not mention the necessity of filing a separate document, HRCP [Rule] 58, as amended in 1990, expressly requires that 'every judgment be set forth on a separate document.'" Price v. Obayashi Hawaii Corporation, 81 Hawaii 171, 176, 914 P.2d 1364, 1369 (1996) (emphasis added).
In contrast, "the separate judgment requirement articulated in Jenkins is inapposite in the post-judgment context." Ditto v. McCurdy, 103 Hawaii 153, 158, 80 P.3d 974, 979 (2003). Thus, "[a]n order denying a motion for post-judgment relief under HRCP [Rule] 60(b) is an appealable final order under HRS § 641-1(a)." Id. at 160, 80 P.3d at 981 (citation omitted).
Although the circuit court entered a entered a
September 18, 2009 order dismissing this case for lack of prosecution, the circuit court has not yet reduced the
September 18, 2009 dismissal order to a separate judgment. While McKenney moved the circuit court to set aside the September 18, 2009 dismissal order, "a motion for reconsideration, pursuant to HRCP Rule 60(b), is authorized only in situations involving final judgments." Cho v. State, 115 Hawaii 373, 382, 168 P.3d 17, 26 (2007) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted); Crown Props., Inc. v. Fin. Sec. Life Ins. Co., Ltd., 6 Haw. App. 105, 112, 712 P.2d 504, 509 (1985) ("A Rule 60(b), HRCP, motion is authorized only in situations involving final judgments."); Tradewinds Hotel, Inc. v. Cochran, 8 Haw. App. 256, 262, 799 P.2d 60, 65 (1990) ("Rule 60(b) applies to motions seeking to amend final orders in the nature of judgments."). Without a judgment in the instant case, "relief pursuant to HRCP Rule 60(b) was not available[.]" Cho v. State, 115 Hawaii at 383, 382, 168 P.3d at 27.
Although the February 4, 2010 order ended the proceedings for McKenney's motion to set aside the September 18, 2009 dismissal order, "an order is not final if the rights of a party involved remain undetermined or if the matter is retained for further action." Cho v. State, 115 Hawaii at 383, 382, 168 P.3d at 27 (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
Absent a final judgment, the February 4, 2010 order is not an order that the circuit court entered pursuant to HRCP Rule 60(b), but, instead, the circuit court entered the February 4, 2010 interlocutory order pursuant to the circuit court's inherent authority to revise "any . . . order or other form of decision . . . at any time before the entry of judgment adjudicating all the claims and the rights and liabilities of all the parties." HRCP Rule 54(b). The February 4, 2010 order will not be eligible for appellate review until a party appeals from an appealable final judgment or order. Cf. Ueoka v Szymanski, 107 Hawaii 386, 396, 114 P.3d 892, 902 (2005) ("An appeal from a final judgment brings up for review all interlocutory orders not appealable directly as of right which deal with issues in the case." (Citation and internal quotation marks omitted)).
Absent an appealable final judgment or order, we lack jurisdiction over appellate court case number 30373. Accordingly,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that this appeal is dismissed for lack of appellate jurisdiction.
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