The opinion of the court was delivered by: Leslie E. Kobayashi United States District Judge
AMENDED ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART PLAINTIFF'S EX PARTE MOTION FOR ORDER: 1) APPROVING AD INTERIM STIPULATION FOR VALUE, 2) DIRECTING THE ISSUANCE AND PUBLICATION OF REQUIRED NOTICE, AND 3) ISSUING INJUNCTION
Before the Court is Limitation Plaintiff Aloha Jetski LLC's ("Limitation Plaintiff") Ex Parte Motion for Order: 1) Approving Ad Interim Stipulation for Value, 2) Directing the Issuance and Publication of Required Notice, and 3) Issuing Injunction ("Motion"), filed on October 11, 2012. Claimants Evangaline Canton, individually and on behalf of and as Representative of the Estate of Kristen Fonseca, Mario Alberto Canton, Monique Sanchez, and Kevin Fonseca, Jr. ("Claimants") filed their objection on October 12, 2012, and Limitation Plaintiff filed its reply on October 15, 2012. This matter came on for hearing on October 25, 2012. Appearing on behalf of Limitation Plaintiff was Margery Bronster, Esq., and appearing on behalf of Claimants were Patrick McTernan, Esq., and Richard Fried, Esq. After careful consideration of the Motion, supporting and opposing memoranda, and the arguments of counsel, Limitation Plaintiff's Motion is HEREBY GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART for the reasons set forth below.*fn1
Claimants filed a complaint in the Circuit Court of the First Circuit, State of Hawai`i on August 13, 2012, and their First Amended Complaint ("state court complaint") on August 28, 2012.*fn2 The claims arise out of a jet ski accident that occurred on August 5, 2012, in which Tyson Dagley, while operating a jet ski, collided into a jet ski operated by Claimants' decedent, Kristin Fonsenca, who suffered fatal injuries. Limitation Plaintiff rented the jet skis to Mr. Dagley and Ms. Fonseca. The state court complaint names as defendants Limitation Plaintiff, and Glenn Cohen, who is Limitation Plaintiff's sole member and manager, as well as an employee. [Mem. in Supp. of Motion at 2-4.] The state court complaint alleges that Limitation Plaintiff and Mr. Cohen were negligent, and that Limitation Plaintiff is vicariously liable for the personal negligence of Mr. Cohen.
Limitation Plaintiff filed its Complaint for Exoneration from or Limitation of Liability ("Complaint") in this Court on October 10, 2012, pursuant to the Limitation of Liability Act, 46 U.S.C. § 30505 et seq. ("Limitation Act" or "the Act"), seeking to invoke the benefits of exoneration from and limitation of liability, and in the same proceeding, to contest its liability and the liability of the jet ski vessels, for any loss or damage arising from the August 5, 2012 incident. [Complaint at ¶ 18.]
Limitation Plaintiff asks the Court to enter an order approving:
1) the amount, form and content of Plaintiff's Ad Interim Stipulation for Value ("Stipulation") filed October 10, 2012; 2) the issuance and publication of Plaintiff's Notice of Complaint for Exoneration from or Limitation of Liability in the form and content as required by Supplemental Admiralty Rule F(4); and 3) an injunction pursuant to 46 U.S.C. § 30511 and Supplemental Admiralty Rule F(3). [Mem. in Supp. of Motion at 2.]
Limitation Plaintiff is the owner of the two jet skis involved in the collision: a 2010 Yamaha VX110 Deluxe Personal Watercraft and a 2011 Yamaha VX110 Deluxe Personal Watercraft ("Vessels"). As of August 5, 2012, the combined fair market value of the Vessels was $11,000.00. Limitation Plaintiff tendered to the Court $11,500.00, which represents the value of the Vessels, costs and accrued interest. [Id. at 2-4.] Further, Limitation Plaintiff sought publication of Plaintiff's Notice of Complaint for Exoneration from or Limitation of Liability ("Notice") as required by Supplemental Admiralty Rule F(4), and provides a proposed form of publication.
Finally, Limitation Plaintiff seeks to enjoin the state court action, Evangaline Canton, et al. v. Aloha Jet Ski, LLC, et al., Civil No. 12-1-2161-08 (VLC), and all other potential cases arising from the incident until this Limitation of Liability action is resolved by this Court. It argues that, under Supplemental Admiralty Rule F(4), the state court action and all pending discovery must be enjoined. [Id. at 3.]
According to Limitation Plaintiff, at the time of the incident, none of its members, managers, employees, or agents was aboard either of the Vessels. Limitation Plaintiff seeks an injunction restraining the state court action and the commencement of any "claims, actions, or legal proceedings of any kind, nature or description against [Limitation] Plaintiff, its affiliates, agents, employees, managers, members, officers, directors, shareholders, vessels, property, underwriters, and insurers with regard to any and all claims and causes of action" arising from the August 5, 2012 incident. [Id. at 13.]
Claimants do not object to the entry of the Stipulation or publication of the Notice; they object to the requested injunction as overly broad, and ask that "any injunction against other proceedings be limited to proceedings against Limitation Plaintiff and its property." [Mem. in Opp. at 2.] They assert that, although Mr. Cohen is an owner of Limitation Plaintiff, he is not an owner of the Vessels, and he is sued in the state court action "only for his own negligence." [Id. at 3.] According to Claimants, the Limitation Act and the Supplemental Admiralty Rules do not authorize an injunction against a vessel owner's employee's own negligence. [Id. at 6-7.]
III. Limitation Plaintiff's Reply
In its reply, Limitation Plaintiff argues that Mr. Cohen is an "owner" because he is the sole member and manager of Limitation Plaintiff, and has possession and control over the Vessels, and is responsible for their maintenance and operation. [Reply at 2-3.]
It further argues that Claimants rely on cases that are inapplicable here, where Mr. Cohen was not operating the Vessels involved in the accident, with privity or knowledge of the negligence. [Id. at 4-5.] In any event, argues Limitation Plaintiff, whether an owner is negligent must be determined after an appropriate motion is heard, and not at this time. [Id. at 7.] It states that this Court cannot skip the first prong of the analysis -- what acts of negligence caused the accident -- and go straight to the second prong of privity and knowledge. It distinguishes the cases relied upon by Claimants, Fecht v. Makowski, 406 F.2d 721 (5th Cir. 1969), In re Ingoglia, 723 F. Supp. 512 (C.D. Cal. 1989), and In re Xtreme Parasail, Inc., Civ. No. 05-00790 SOM/BMK, 2006 WL 4701815 (D. Hawai'i July 7, 2006), "because in those cases, the court already issued the injunction, and the determination as to the owner's involvement was made much later after substantive motions were filed and a hearing was held." [Id. at 9-10.]
Limitation Plaintiff asks the Court to grant its Motion in its entirety. [Id. at 12.]
I. Injunction Under the Limitation ...