May 31, 2013
J. L. P. ROBINSON LLC, Plaintiff-Appellee,
HIROKO ALLEN, Defendant-Appellant, and ASSOCIATION OF APARTMENT OWNERS OF YACHARBOR TOWERS, BY Its Board of Directors, JHAN DOES 1-50; JANE DOES 1-50; DOE PARTNERSHIPS 1-50; DOE CORPRATIONS 1-50; ENTITIES 150; And Doe GOVRNMENTEL UNITS 1-50, Defendants
NOT FOR PUBLICATION IN WEST'S HAWAII REPORTS OR THE PACIFIC REPORTER
APPEAL FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE FIRST CIRCUIT (CIVIL NO. 08-1-1789)
Hayden Aluli and Sidney Michael Quintal for Defendant-Appellant.
Tracy G. Chinen (Rush Moore LLP) for Plaintiff-Appellee.
Fujise, Presiding Judge, Leonard and Reifurth, JJ.
SUMMARY DISPOSITION ORDER
Defendant-Appellant Hiroko Allen ("Allen") appeals from the Final Rule 54(b) Judgment in Favor of Plaintiff J.L.P. Robinson LLC on All Claims Against Defendant Hiroko Allen filed on December 28, 2009, in the Circuit Court of the First Circuit ("Circuit Court"). The underlying basis of Allen's appeal is that the Circuit Court erred in its Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part Plaintiff J.L.P. Robinson LLC's Motion to Confirm Annual Lease Rent or in the Alternative to Compel Arbitration, Filed June 24, 2009 ("Order on Motion to Confirm"), filed September 15, 2009.
As her specific points of error, Allen contends that (1) the Circuit Court erred in failing to "treat" Plaintiff-Appellee J.L.P. Robinson LLC's ("Robinson") June 24, 2009 motion to confirm annual lease rent or in the alternative to compel arbitration ("Motion to Confirm") "as a motion for summary-judgment, " as Allen's "numerous responses in opposition to Robinson's motion . . . raised numerous genuine issues of material fact" and that (2) various orders filed after the Motion to Confirm must be vacated because they incorporated the erroneous Order on Motion to Confirm.
Upon careful review of the record and the briefs submitted by the parties, we resolve Allen's points of error as follows:
Pursuant to Hawai'i Rules of Appellate Procedure ("HRAP") Rule 28(b), an opening brief must contain, as one of its sections, "[t]he argument, containing the contentions of the appellant on the points presented and the reasons therefor, with citations to the authorities, statutes and parts of the record relied on." Haw. R. App. P. 28(b)(7). "Points not argued may be deemed waived." Id.
Here, Allen's contention is that the Circuit Court erred in its Order on Motion to Confirm. Allen's argument, however, does not contain any citation to the record. More importantly, it does not explain how the Circuit Court erred other than stating, in full:
When viewing the record in the light most favorable to Allen, the motion, when treated as a summary judgment motion, should not have been granted. The record shows that there are numerous, genuine issues as to material facts and that Robinson was not entitled to judgment as a matter of law.
Allen's argument is wholly inadequate. See State v. Vinuya, 96 Hawai'i 472, 486, 32 P.3d 116, 130 (App. 2001) (a conclusory statement is not an argument); see also State v. Kahanaoi, No. CAAP-12-0000021, 2012 WL 5359188, at *2 (Haw. Ct. App. Oct. 31, 2012) (SDO).
Non-specific references on appeal to genuine issues of material fact allegedly presented to the court below on summary judgment do not constitute an appellate argument. In Kamaka v. Goodsill Anderson Quinn & Stifel, 117 Hawai'i 92, 176 P.3d 91 (2008), for instance, Kamaka contended that the trial court erred in granting summary judgment in favor of Goodsill. Her argument on appeal consisted of a single paragraph, identifying four specific alleged genuine issues of material fact. As the Hawai'i Supreme Court noted in Kamaka, however, and as is true as well here:
[Kamaka] fails to explain how such evidence was material to the elements of her claim. Furthermore, she has offered absolutely no argument contesting the trial court's determination that Goodsill was entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Thus, in failing to explain the reasons for her contentions, we hold that Kamaka has waived this point pursuant to HRAP Rule 28(b)(7) (2007).
Id. at 108, 176 P.3d at 107.
Similar to the appellant's argument in Kamaka, in one segment of the background section of her opening brief, Allen cites to several of what she contends are "genuine issues of material fact" and also to then-Circuit Court Judge McKenna's rationale for rejecting Allen's arguments, but does not explain why the Circuit Court erred or how she is entitled to vacatur. One sentence in the last paragraph of the background section is telling: "As will be demonstrated below, all of the trial court's orders and judgment must be vacated." Allen failed in this regard.
In sum, Allen failed to comply with HRAP Rule 28(b)(7) or to present discernable legal arguments in support of her points of error. Thus, her points are waived. Haw. R. App. P. 28(b) (7) . This being the case, Allen's opening brief presents no argument for this court to consider.
Therefore, the December 28, 2009 Final Rule 54(b) Judgment in Favor of Plaintiff J.L.P. Robinson LLC on All Claims Against Defendant Hiroko Allen, filed in the Circuit Court of the First Circuit, is affirmed.