NOT FOR PUBLICATION IN WEST'S HAWAII REPORTS AND PACIFIC REPORTER
APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE FIRST CIRCUIT HONOLULU DIVISION (CASE NO. 1DAA-12-0004)
Kevin O'Grady (Law Office of Kevin O'Grady, LLC) for Petitioner-Appellant.
Robert T. Nakatsuji Deputy Solicitor General Department of the Attorney General for Respondent-Appellee.
Nakamura, C.J., and Fujise and Leonard, JJ.
SUMMARY DISPOSITION ORDER
Petitioner-Appellant Justin R. Gerdes (Gerdes) appeals from the Judgment on Appeal (Judgment) entered on June 6, 2012, by the District Court of the First Circuit (District Court)The District Court affirmed the administrative revocation of Gerdes's driver's license by Respondent-Appellee Administrative Director of the Courts, State of Hawai'i (Director), acting through a hearing officer of the Administrative Driver's License Revocation Office (ADLRO).
On appeal, Gerdes argues that the hearing officer erred in considering Honolulu Police Department Officer Darrin Lum's sworn statement, which contained the results of the standard field sobriety tests (SFSTs) Officer Lum had administered to Gerdes, where Officer Lum did not have an independent recollection of administering the SFSTs when he testified at the ADLRO hearing. We affirm.
Gerdes contends that because Officer Lum had no independent recollection of Gerdes's performance on the SFSTs, the hearing officer violated Gerdes's due process rights by considering Officer Lum's sworn statement regarding the results of Gerdes's SFSTs as evidence in determining that (1) there was probable cause for Gerdes's arrest; and (2) the preponderance of the evidence showed that Gerdes operated his vehicle while under the influence of an intoxicant. We disagree.
Gerdes cites no authority to support his contention. The rules of evidence governing administrative revocation proceedings are much less formal than those governing judicial proceedings. Voellmy v. Broderick, 91 Hawai'i 125, 128, 980 P.2d 999, 1002 (App. 1999); see Desmond v. Admin. Dir. of Courts, 91 Hawai'i 212, 220, 982 P.2d 346, 354 (App. 1998) (Desmond I), overruled on other grounds by, 90 Hawai'i 301, 978 P.2d 739 (1999) (Desmond II). Under Hawaii Rules of Evidence (HRE) Rule 802.1(4) (1993) ("Past recollection recorded"), a rule of evidence applicable to criminal proceedings, a witness's inability to independently recall a matter would not preclude the admission of evidence regarding the witness's recorded observations concerning that matter. Here, the record indicates that Officer Lum's sworn statement regarding the results of Gerdes's SFSTs would have been admissible in a criminal case as a past recollection recorded under HRE Rule 802.1(4). We conclude that Officer Lum's lack of independent recollection of Gerdes's SFSTs did not render the evidence regarding the results of Gerdes's SFSTs contained in Officer Lum's sworn statement inadmissible at Gerdes's administrative revocation hearing.
Officer Lum's sworn statement was admissible at the administrative hearing. See Desmond I, 91 Hawai'i at 220, 982 P.2d at 354 ("An agency should receive all evidence which is competent, relevant and material regardless of its weight . . . ." (block quote format and citation omitted)); Desmond II, 90 Hawai'i at 301-02, 978 P.2d at 739-40 (concluding that the hearing officer, upon the petitioner's objection, is only required to exclude "(a) all unsworn statements (except the arrest report) of law enforcement officials who do not appear to testify; and (b) all other evidence that is both irrelevant and prejudicial"). We hold that ...