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State v. Staszkow

Intermediate Court of Appeals of Hawaii

August 14, 2013

STATE OF HAWAI'I, Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
MICHAEL STASZKOW, Defendant-Appellant

NOT FOR PUBLICATION IN WEST'S HAWAI'I REPORTS AND PACIFIC REPORTER

APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE THIRD CIRCUIT NORTH AND SOUTH HILO DIVISION (CASE NO. 3DTA-10-03518)

Brian J. De Lima and Francis R. Alcain for Defendant-Appellant.

Terri L. Fujioka-Lilley, Deputy Prosecuting Attorney, County of Hawai'i, for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Foley, Presiding Judge, Fujise and Leonard, JJ.

SUMMARY DISPOSITION ORDER

Defendant-Appellant Michael Staszkow (Staszkow) appeals from the Notice and Entry of Judgment and Order (Judgment) entered on December 30, 2 011 in the District Court of the Third Circuit, North and South Hilo Division (District Court}.[1] After a bench trial, the District Court found him guilty of one count of Operating a Vehicle Under the Influence of an Intoxicant (OVUII), in violation of Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS) § 291E-61(a) (Supp. 2012), [2] and sentenced him to pay a $150 fine plus various fees and take a mandatory driver's education class.

On appeal, Staszkow argues the following:

(1) The District Court clearly erred by finding that "the margin of error allowed for accuracy tests under [Hawaii Administrative Rules (HAR)] § 11-114-7(a)(5)[3] was inapplicable to the actual breath result that [Staszkow] provided on the date of the offense." Staszkow cites primarily to State v. Boehmer, 1 Haw.App. 44, 613 P.2d 916 (1980), to support this point.
(2) The District Court erred when it admitted into evidence Officer Andres Fojas's (Officer Fojas) opinion testimony that he determined Staszkow was impaired based on his performance on the standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs). Staszkow cites to State v. Toyomura, . 80 Hawai'i 8, 24, 904 P.2d 893, 909 (1995), and State v. Ito, 90 Hawai'i 225, 244, 978 P.2d 191, 210 (App. 1999), to support this point.

Upon careful review of the record and the briefs submitted by the parties and having given due consideration to the arguments advanced and the issues raised by the parties, we resolve Staszkow's points of error as follows:

(1) Any error the District Court committed in finding that the margin of error set forth in HAR § 11-114-7(a)(5) was inapplicable to Staszkow's Intoxilyzer 5000 (Intoxilyzer) test result was harmless. The test result would have been competent evidence of Staszkow's guilt under HRS § 291E-61(a)(1), even if the court had applied this margin of error. See HRS §§ 291E-61 & 291E-3(b)(2) (Supp. 2012). Boehmer is inapplicable here because no evidence was adduced regarding the Intoxilyzer's margin of error. 1 Haw.App. at 45-46, 613 P.2d at 917-18.
(2) The District Court did not abuse its discretion by admitting into evidence Officer Fojas's testimony that based on Staszkow's performance on the SFSTs, Staszkow was impaired. The State laid a sufficient foundation for the introduction of the testimony pursuant to Toyomura, 80 Hawai'i at 26, 904 P.2d at 911. The State was not required to demonstrate that Officer Fojas's SFST training met National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's requirements. Cf. Ito, 90 Hawai'i at 244, 978 P.2d at 210 (holding that it must be shown that the officer administering the test was "duly qualified to conduct the test and grade the test results.")

Therefore,

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Notice and Entry of Judgment and Order entered on December 30, 2011 in the District Court of the Third Circuit, North and South Hilo Division is affirmed.


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