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Miles v. Yabuta

United States District Court, D. Hawaii

November 18, 2014

MARVIN KALANI MILES, Plaintiff,
v.
MAUI POLICE CHIEF GARY YABUTA, MAUI POLICE DEPARTMENT, and COUNTY OF MAUI Defendants

Marvin Kalani Miles, Plaintiff, Pro se, Kula, HI.

For County of Maui Maui Police Department, Gary Yabuta, Maui Police Chief, Defendants: Moana Monique Lutey, LEAD ATTORNEY, Department of the Corporation Counsel County of Maui, Wailuku, HI; Thomas W. Kolbe, Department of the Corporation Counsel Maui County of Maui, Wailuku, HI.

ORDER REMANDING ACTION TO STATE COURT

Alan C. Kay, Senior United States District Judge.

For the reasons discussed below, the instant case is remanded to the Circuit Court of the Second Circuit, State of Hawaii, because this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction. Accordingly, this Court need not examine the merits of Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment.

BACKGROUND

On May 30, 2014, Plaintiff Marvin Kalani Miles (" Plaintiff") filed a Complaint against Maui Police Chief Gary Yabuta, Maui Police Department, and the County of Maui (collectively " Defendants") in the Circuit Court of the Second Circuit, State of Hawaii.[1] (Doc. No. 1-1.) On June 17, 2014, Defendants removed the case to this Court, purportedly under 28 U.S.C. § § 1331 and 1441(b). (Doc. No. 1.)

Plaintiff's Complaint contains four causes of action. In the First Cause of Action, Plaintiff alleges that Defendants terminated his employment with the Maui Police Department because of his activities on behalf of the State of Hawaii Organization of Police Officers Union, in violation of the National Labor Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. § § 157 and 158. (Compl. ¶ 18.) In the Second and Third Causes of Action, Plaintiff asserts that Defendants violated Part I of Chapter 378 of the Hawaii Revised Statutes. (Id. ¶ ¶ 20 & 22.) Finally, in the Fourth Cause of Action, Plaintiff alleges that

Defendants through general and specific orders, policy manuals and/or rules and regulations gave promises of specific treatment in specific situations. Plaintiff reasonably relied upon such promises of specific treatment. Plaintiff's termination was in breach of Defendants' promises of specific treatment.

(Id. ¶ 24.)

On August 29, 2014, Defendants filed the instant Motion for Summary Judgment (" Motion"), along with a Concise Statements of Facts and exhibits attached thereto. (Doc. Nos. 17 & 18.) Plaintiff has not filed an opposition to Defendants' Motion.

The Court finds this matter suitable for disposition without a hearing pursuant to D. Haw. Local Rule 7.2(d).

DISCUSSION

Citing the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Bell v. Hood, 327 U.S. 678, 682-83, 66 S.Ct. 773, 90 L.Ed. 939 (1946), the Ninth Circuit has held " that there are two exceptions to the general rule that one looks to the allegations in the complaint to determine if there is federal jurisdiction." Ballou v. Vancouver Police Officers' Guild, 389 Fed.Appx. 681, 682 (9th Cir. 2010) (unpublished).[2] The exception relevant to this case provides that " 'a suit may sometimes be dismissed for want of jurisdiction where the alleged claim under the Constitution or federal statutes . . . is wholly insubstantial and frivolous.'" Id. ( quoting Bell, 327 U.S. at 682-83); cf. Albingia v. Versicherungs A.G. v. Schenker Int'l Inc., 344 F.3d 931, 935 (9th Cir. 2003), amended by 350 F.3d 916 (9th Cir. 2003) (holding that removal prior to discovery was proper because the federal claim was not insubstantial or frivolous).

It is evident from the face of the Complaint that Plaintiff's NLRA claim (First Cause of Action) is insubstantial and frivolous because the NLRA does not apply to local governments or their employees, and Plaintiff pleaded that he was employed as a police officer with the Maui Police Department, a department within the Maui County government. See Ballou, 389 Fed.Appx. at 682 (citing 29 U.S.C. § § 152(2)-(3) (providing that the term " employer" does not include " any State or political subdivision thereof" and that the term " employee" does not include " any other person who is not an employer as herein defined"); Jackson Transit Auth. v. Local Div. 1 285, Amalgamated Transit Union, AFL-CIO-CLC, 457 U.S. 15, 23, 102 S.Ct. 2202, 72 L.Ed.2d 639 (1982) (holding that " labor relations between local governments and their employees are the subject of a longstanding statutory exemption from the National Labor Relations Act"); and N.A.A.C.P., Detroit Branch v. Detroit Police Officers Ass'n (DPOA), 821 F.2d 328, 331-32 (6th Cir. 1987) (" Public employees of the political subdivisions of a state are not governed by the federal labor laws.")). Because Plaintiff's NLRA claim is the sole federal claim in the Complaint[3] and because this claim is wholly insubstantial and frivolous, the Court concludes that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction over this case.[4] Ballou, 389 Fed.Appx. at 682; see also Parks v. Watkins, Civ. No. 11-00594 HG-RLP, 2013 WL 431950, at *3 (D. Haw. Jan. 31, 2013) (" A federal court does not have authority to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over remaining state-law claims when the federal-law claims are dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. Supplemental jurisdiction may only be invoked when the district court has 'a hook of original jurisdiction on which to hang it.'") (quoting Herman Family Revocable Trust v. Teddy Bear, 254 F.3d 802, 805-06 (9th Cir. 2001)).

Where a case has been removed from state court, 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) directs that " [i]f at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded." Id. (emphasis added). Thus, this Court, lacking subject matter jurisdiction, is required under § 1447(c) to remand the instant case to state court. As a result, this Court need not examine the merits of Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment.

CONCLUSION

For the foregoing reasons, the instant case is remanded to the Circuit Court of the Second Circuit, State of Hawaii, because this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction.

Accordingly, this Court need not examine the merits of Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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