PROPERTY RESERVE, INC., a Utah corporation, acting through its duly authorized agent, HAWAII RESERVES, INC., a Hawaii corporation, Plaintiff-Appellee,
STEPHANIE APUAKEHAU; JOHN DOES 1-50; JANE DOES 1-50; DOE PARTNERSHIPS 1-50; DOE CORPORATIONS 1-50; DOE ENTITIES 1-50, Defendants-Appellants
This decision is published in table format in the Pacific and Hawai'i reporter.
APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE FIRST CIRCUIT, (HONOLULU DIVISION). (CIVIL NO. IRC-13-1-6471).
On the briefs: Stephanie Apuakehau, Defendant-Appellant, Pro se.
Crystal K. Rose, Adrian L. Lavarias, Kristin A. Shinkawa, (Bays Lung Rose & Holma), for Plaintiff-Appellee.
By: Fujise, Presiding Judge, Leonard and Reifurth, JJ.
SUMMARY DISPOSITION ORDER
Defendant-Appellant Stephanie Apuakehau (Apuakehau) appeals (pro se) from a Judgment of Possession and Writ of Possession, both filed on October 28, 2013, in the Ko'olauloa Division of the District Court of the First Circuit (District Court).
On appeal, Apuakehau lists five points of error, which are noncompliant with Hawai'i Rules of Appellate Procedure 28(b)(4), but which nevertheless have been reviewed and considered by this court. Apuakehau contends that the District Court erred in: (1) its discussion concerning a prior case in federal court; (2) a translation request of evidence submitted; (3) its consideration of testimony from an expert witness; (4) striking Apuakehau's " evidence" of genealogical lineage; and (5) denying Apuakehau's motion to dismiss with prejudice.
Upon careful review of the record and the briefs submitted by the parties and having given due consideration to the arguments advanced and the issues raised by the parties, we resolve Apuakehau's points of error as follows:
Apuakehau makes no argument in support of her points of error; nor does she include any reference to evidence (or any other form of support) in the record on appeal.
It appears that the gravamen of Apuakehau's appeal is that she has more than a mere possessory interest in the property that was the subject of this ejectment action and, therefore, that the District Court lacked jurisdiction over this matter. However, Apuakehau failed to properly raise this issue in the District Court. Hawai'i District Court Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 12.1 provides:
Rule 12.1. Defense of title in district courts.
Whenever, in the district court, in defense of an action in the nature of
an action of trespass or for the summary possession of land, or any other
action, the defendant shall seek to interpose a defense to the jurisdiction to
the effect that the action is a real action, or one in which the title to real
estate is involved, such defense shall be asserted by a written answer or
written motion, which shall not be received by the court unless accompanied by
an affidavit of the defendant, setting forth the source, nature and extent of
the title claimed by defendant to the land in question, and such further
particulars as shall fully apprise the court of the nature of defendant's
The record contains no affidavit of Apuakehau (or declaration subscribed as true under penalty of law) and is otherwise devoid of any support for Apuakehau's arguments on appeal. See Deutsche Bank Nat'l Trust Co. v. Peelua,126 Hawai'i 32, 265 P.3d 1128 (2011). Moreover, Apuakehau's Answer to Complaint, as well as other documents submitted to the District Court ...