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Young v. Kraus

United States District Court, D. Hawaii

February 17, 2017

CHRISTOPHER YOUNG, Plaintiff,
v.
MICHAEL M. KRAUS, Owner of Tree Works Inc., COUNTY OF HAWAII, POLICE DEPARTMENT, PATRICK T. KIHARA as a Police Officer in the County of Hawaii, State of Hawaii, JOHN DOES 1-10, JANE DOES 1-10, DOE CORPORATIONS 1-10, DOE PARTNERSHIPS 1-10, AND DOE GOVERNMENT ENTITIES 1-10, Defendants.

         ORDER DENYING THE PORTION OF PLAINTIFF'S MOTION SEEKING RECONSIDERATION OF THIS COURT'S JANUARY 27, 2017 ORDER AND DENYING WITHOUT PREJUDICE THE PORTION OF THE MOTION ATTEMPTING TO APPEAL THE ORDER OR RULINGS ISSUED BY THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          Leslie E. Kobayashi United States District Judge.

         On January 27, 2017, this Court issued its Order Granting in Part and Denying in Part the County Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Christopher Young Amendment (sic) of Complaint Filed March 4, 2016 [Document 35] (“1/27/17 Order”). [Dkt. no. 106.] On February 13, 2017, pro se Plaintiff Christopher Young (“Plaintiff”) filed a document titled “Plaintiff's Separate Concise Statement of Facts in Opposition 12/20/2016 Hearing this Court Lack Jurisdiction and Objection to Defendnat (sic) Kraus Order 1/6/2017 and Judge Order 1/12/2017” and, on February 16, 2017, Plaintiff filed a document titled “Objection to Judge's Order Granting in Part the County Defednats' Motion to Dismiss Christopher Young Amendment (sic) of Complaint Filed March 4, 2016 [Document 35].” [Dkt. nos. 109, 110.] The two documents raise similar arguments and this Court considers them collectively as one “Motion.” Because Plaintiff is proceeding pro se, this Court must liberally construe his filings. See, e.g., Pregana v. CitiMortgage, Inc., Civil No. 14-00226 DKW-KSC, 2015 WL 1966671, at *2 (D. Hawai`i Apr. 30, 2015) (“The Court liberally construes the [plaintiffs'] filings because they are proceeding pro se.” (citing Eldridge v. Block, 832 F.2d 1132, 1137 (9th Cir. 1987))). This Court liberally CONSTRUES Plaintiff's Motion as: 1) seeking reconsideration of the 1/27/17 Order; and 2) attempting to appeal the order and/or oral rulings issued by the magistrate judge regarding a discovery motion.

         The Court has considered the two portions of the Motion as non-hearing matters pursuant to Rule LR7.2(e) of the Local Rules of Practice of the United States District Court for the District of Hawai`i (“Local Rules”). After careful consideration of the Motion and the relevant legal authority, the portion of the Motion seeking reconsideration of the 1/27/17 Order is DENIED, and the portion of the Motion attempting to appeal the magistrate judge's order and/or oral rulings is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE to the filing of an amended appeal that complies with the terms of this Order.

         DISCUSSION

         I. Motion for Reconsideration

         In the 1/27/17 Order, this Court - among other things - dismissed all of Plaintiff's claims against Defendants the County of Hawai`i, the County of Hawai`i Police Department (collectively, “the County”), and Patrick T. Kihara (“Kihara”, all collectively, “the County Defendants”) with prejudice.[1] As to all of the claims against the County Defendants, this Court concluded that Plaintiff failed to cure the defects in his claims that this Court identified in the order dismissing his original Complaint. In particular, this Court noted that Plaintiff amended his fraudulent misrepresentation claim to allege that Kihara falsely told the paramedic who responded to Plaintiff's accident that all parties who had been involved in the accident refused medical treatment. This Court concluded that Plaintiff still failed to state a plausible fraudulent misrepresentation claim against Kihara because the Amended Complaint did not allege either actual reliance on Kihara's statement or that Kihara's statement was detrimental to Plaintiff. The Amended Complaint failed to allege a detriment to Plaintiff because, according to paragraph 11 of the Amended Complaint, Plaintiff and John Hoffman - who was in the vehicle with Plaintiff - were taken to Hilo Medical Center after the accident to be examined by a doctor. [1/27/17 Order at 9-11.]

         In the instant Motion, Plaintiff now states that, after Kihara told the paramedic that all parties had refused medical treatment, “the paramedic left the scene of the accident, Kihara gave Plaintiff [the] police report number, then told Plaintiff to leave the scene of the accident; Plaintiff in pain.” [Motion (dkt. no. 109), Decl. of Christopher Young at ¶ 7 (citing Amended Complaint at ¶¶ 9-11, p.3).]

         This Court has previously stated that a motion for reconsideration

“must accomplish two goals. First, a motion for reconsideration must demonstrate reasons why the court should reconsider its prior decision. Second, a motion for reconsideration must set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature to induce the court to reverse its prior decision.” See Davis v. Abercrombie, Civil No. 11-00144 LEK-BMK, 2014 WL 2468348, at *2 (D. Hawaii June 2, 2014) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). This district court recognizes three circumstances where it is proper to grant reconsideration of an order: “(1) when there has been an intervening change of controlling law; (2) new evidence has come to light; or (3) when necessary to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice.” Tierney v. Alo, Civ. No. 12-00059 SOM/KSC, 2013 WL 1858585, at *1 (D. Hawaii May 1, 2013) (citing School District No. 1J v. ACandS, Inc., 5 F.3d 1255, 1262 (9th Cir. 1993)). “Mere disagreement with a previous order is an insufficient basis for reconsideration.” Davis, 2014 WL 2468348, at *3 n.4 (citations and internal quotation marks omitted).

Riley v. Nat'l Ass'n of Marine Surveyors, Inc., Civil No. 14-00135 LEK-RLP, 2014 WL 4794003, at *1 (D. Hawai`i Sept. 25, 2014).

         Plaintiff does not allege there has been an intervening change in the law or there is newly discovered evidence that should change the Court's ruling on the Motion to Dismiss. Plaintiff apparently argues that this Court made a clear error in construing the factual allegations of the Amended Complaint because the paramedic did leave the scene of the accident in reliance on Kihara's statement. However, paragraph 11 of the Amended Complaint speaks for itself; it states that Plaintiff and Hoffman “were taken to the Hilo Medical Center to have injuries checked by a medical doctor.” In considering the County Defendants' Motion to Dismiss, the scope of this Court's review was limited to the allegations in the Amended Complaint. See Daniels-Hall v. Nat'l Educ. Ass'n, 629 F.3d 992, 998 (9th Cir. 2010). Plaintiff cannot rely on a self-serving declaration that contradicts the allegations in his Amended Complaint to defeat the Motion to Dismiss or to seek reconsideration of the 1/27/17 Order. This Court therefore CONCLUDES that Plaintiff's Motion does not present any ground that warrants reconsideration of this Court's dismissal with prejudice of his fraudulent misrepresentation claim against Kihara.

         The instant Motion also alleges that the removal of this action on September 28, 2015 was “false or fraud-based” because of an alleged conspiracy regarding the service of the Complaint. [Motion (dkt. no. 109) at 2.] This argument has no bearing upon the issues addressed in the 1/27/17 Order, and it therefore does not establish any of the three grounds that warrant reconsideration of a court order. Further, to the extent that Plaintiff's argument could be construed as seeking reconsideration of this Court's April 19, 2016 order denying Plaintiff's motion for remand, [2] the request is untimely. See Local Rule LR60.1 (stating that a motion for reconsideration alleging a manifest legal or factual error “must be filed and served not more than fourteen (14) days after the court's written order is filed”). Thus, to the extent that Plaintiff's Motion is based on the alleged conspiracy regarding service of the Complaint, Plaintiff's Motion is DENIED.

         The Motion's other arguments do not establish an intervening change of law, any newly discovered evidence, a clear error in the 1/27/17 Order, or a manifest injustice in the order which requires reconsideration. This Court therefore CONCLUDES that Plaintiff has not established any ground that warrants reconsideration of the 1/27/17 Order. To the ...


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