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Raquinio v. City of Hilo

United States District Court, D. Hawaii

April 1, 2019



          Jill A. Otake, United States District Judge.

         Before the Court is Plaintiff Noe Kim Raquinio's (“Plaintiff”) Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis (“IFP Application”), filed March 6, 2019. For the reasons set forth below, the Court DISMISSES the First Amended Complaint (“FAC”) and DENIES the IFP Application.


         Plaintiff commenced this action on February 6, 2019. On February 14, 2019, the Court issued an Order (1) Dismissing Complaint and (2) Denying Application to Proceed in Forma Pauperis (“Order”). Doc. No. 5. The Court dismissed the Complaint due to multiple deficiencies and because it failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted, but authorized Plaintiff to file an amended complaint. Id. at 6. The Court directed Plaintiff to cure the deficiencies identified in the Order and cautioned that his failure to file an amended pleading that conforms with the Order would result in the dismissal of the action. Id. at 10.


         A. Dismissal of the Complaint Under the In Forma Pauperis Statute - 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)

         Plaintiff again requests leave to proceed in forma pauperis. A court may deny leave to proceed in forma pauperis at the outset and dismiss the complaint if it appears from the face of the proposed complaint that the action: (1) is frivolous or malicious; (2) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (3) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2); see Tripati v. First Nat'l Bank & Trust, 821 F.2d 1368, 1370 (9th Cir. 1987); Minetti v. Port of Seattle, 152 F.3d 1113, 1115 (9th Cir. 1998). When evaluating whether a complaint fails to state a viable claim for screening purposes, the Court applies Federal Rule of Civil Procedure (“FRCP”) 8's pleading standard as it does in the context of an FRCP 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss. See Wilhelm v. Rotman, 680 F.3d 1113, 1121 (9th Cir. 2012).

         FRCP 8(a) requires “a short and plain statement of the grounds for the court's jurisdiction” and “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(1)-(2). Although the Federal Rules adopt a flexible pleading policy, a complaint must give fair notice and state the elements of the claim plainly and succinctly. Jones v. Cmty. Redev. Agency, 733 F.2d 646, 649 (9th Cir. 1984). “The Federal Rules require that averments ‘be simple, concise and direct.'” McHenry v. Renne, 84 F.3d 1172, 1177 (9th Cir. 1996). FRCP 8 does not demand detailed factual allegations. However, “it demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). “Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Id. “[A] complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'” Id. (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)); Nordstrom v. Ryan, 762 F.3d 903, 908 (9th Cir. 2014) (citations and quotations omitted). A claim is plausible “when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft, 556 U.S. at 678.

         In the present case, even construing the FAC liberally, Bernhardt v. Los Angeles Cty., 339 F.3d 920, 925 (9th Cir. 2003); Jackson v. Carey, 353 F.3d 750, 757 (9th Cir. 2003), the Court finds that dismissal is appropriate because the FAC fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Section 1983 states:

Every person, who under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State . . . subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law.

42 U.S.C. § 1983. Substantive rights are not created by this provision; “rather it is the vehicle by whereby plaintiffs can challenge actions by governmental officials.” Cholla Ready Mix, Inc. v. Civish, 382 F.3d 969, 978 (9th Cir. 2004) (citation and quotations omitted). “To state a claim under § 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) that the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of State law.” Long v. Cty. of Los Angeles, 442 F.3d 1178, 1185 (9th Cir. 2006) (citation omitted).

         Plaintiff has not alleged any facts to support his generalized legal claims. He characterizes this case as a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action based on continuing violations of his Fourth, Fifth and Fourteen Amendment Constitutional rights by officers of the Hawai‘i Police Department. However, he presents no facts in support of this conclusory allegation, much less how any facts rise to the level of Constitutional violation(s). Under the “CAUSE OF ACTION” section in his FAC, Plaintiff asserts that the Defendant officers violated his common law right to travel, which he cannot be deprived of without due process of law under the Fifth Amendment. FAC at 2. Based on the cursory and somewhat incoherent allegations presented in the FAC, the Court is unable to ascertain whether jurisdiction exists. Moreover, Plaintiff has failed to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Indeed, this iteration of his operative pleading contains less information and is more deficient than his Complaint. The Court accordingly DISMISSES the FAC.

         Leave to amend should be granted even if no request to amend the pleading was made, unless the Court determines that the pleading could not possibly be cured by the allegation of other facts. Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1130 (9th Cir. 2000); see also Tripati, 821 F.2d at 1370. Specifically, “pro se plaintiffs proceeding in forma pauperis must also be given an opportunity to amend their complaint unless it is ‘absolutely clear that the deficiencies of the complaint could not be cured by amendment.'” Tripati, 821 F.2d 1370 (quoting Franklin v. Murphy, 745 F.2d 1221, 1228 n.9 (9th Cir. 1984)); Cafasso v. Gen. Dynamics C4 Sys., Inc., 637 F.3d 1047, 1058 (9th Cir. 2011) (citation omitted) (“If a pro se complaint is dismissed for failure to state a claim, the court must ‘freely grant leave to amend' if it is ‘at all possible' that the plaintiff could correct pleading deficiencies by alleging different or new facts.”).

         Notwithstanding the foregoing deficiencies, the Court acknowledges that Plaintiff is proceeding pro se and that the deficiencies could potentially be cured by amendment. As such, the Court dismisses the FAC without prejudice and grants Plaintiff leave to amend his FAC. This is Plaintiff's final opportunity to amend his pleadings. ...

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